Can you Believe These Countries Run Entirely on Renewable Energy?
Countries on the leading edge of renewable energy are working to minimize climate change
Renewable energy is a solution to the energy crisis that many counties are pursuing in an effort mitigate climate change. So far, 12 countries and 67 cities have either already transitioned to renewable energy or are only a few years away from achieving this goal. And the trend is catching on—at a United Nations Climate Change Conference in Marrakech, Morocco in 2016, 50 nations vulnerable to climate change pledged to switch to 100% renewable energy by 2050.
Two-thirds of Iceland’s renewable power is generated by hydro-electric facilities and for the rest, it delves into it’s volcanic roots. Geothermal power helps to heat homes in the cities and provides hot water. It is estimated that Iceland has saved over $8 billion between 1970 and 2000 by using geothermal energy.
With a population of 5 million people, Costa Rica is able to acquire 90% of its energy from hydro-electric sources with the remainder made up of wind, geothermal and solar energy.
Hydroelectricity accounts for 96% of Norway’s renewable energy with geothermal, wind and solar energy making up the balance.
This country uses 100% hydroelectric power which is generated at the Itaipu Dam, considered one of the seven man-made wonders of the world. Only 10% of the power that Paraguay produces is used domestically while 90% is exported to neighbouring countries.
This tiny country in southern Africa runs entirely on hydro generated from the Lesotho Highlands Water Project. It produces enough water to not only power its own needs, but to supply energy to South Africa as well.
Thanks to a series of dams and the eight large rivers that traverse it, Albania is able to generate most of its energy from renewable sources.
Cities that Run on Renewable Energy
Las Vegas is the largest U.S. city to run on renewable energy. Boulder Solar 1 is the solar energy plant that provides Las Vegas with its energy. Las Vegas joins a number of other U.S. cities that run on renewables including Burlington in Vermont, Aspen, Columbia and Greensburg, Kansas.
Many Canadian cities are joining the quest to run on 100% renewable energy. Vancouver has committed to a renewable energy future, with 2035 the goal for heating and cooling with transport following around 2050. Victoria, B.C. has also committed to switching to renewables by 2050 as did the Oxford County region.
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